体会动词短语catch up 和catch up with


时间: 2022-03-17 02:12:57 人气: 6 评论: 0

Catch up with, 这个动词短语使用非常频繁,亲爱的英语学员们,你们真确定掌握了吗?
例句:
---I see the New York Times has caught up with the top video game trends of 2020.
---This is also because their “hotshot”, “young” reporters are younger millennials - so they’re too old (or too cool?) to be playing but too young to have kids who are playing Genshin
 
理解catch up 和 catch up with:
朗文字典的解释:
catch up
1. to improve and reach the same standard as other people in your class, group etc
• 赶上〔同班、同组等其他人的水平〕:
 »If you miss a lot of classes, it's very difficult to catch up.
  如果你缺了很多课,就很难赶上。
▪ [+ with ]
 »At the moment our technology is more advanced, but other countries are catching up with us.
  目前我们的技术比较先进,但是其他国家正在赶上来。
2. to come from behind and reach someone in front of you by going faster
• 追上,赶上〔前面的人〕:
▪ [+ with ]
 »Drive faster – they're catching up with us.
  开快点,他们要赶上我们了。
catch sb up [BrE] :
 »You go on ahead. I'll catch you up in a minute.
  你先走,我稍后就追上你。
3. to do what needs to be done because you have not been able to do it until now
• 赶做,补做:
▪ [+ on ]
 »I have some work to catch up on.
  我还有一些工作要赶着做。
 »I need to catch up on some sleep (=after a period without enough sleep) .
  我需要补充些睡眠。
4. to spend time finding out what has been happening while you have been away or during the time you have not seen someone
• 打听〔不在时所发生的事情〕:
▪ [+ on ]
 »When I got home I phoned Jo to catch up on all the gossip.
  我回家后就给乔打电话,打听所有的小道消息。
 »I'll leave you two alone – I'm sure you've got a lot of catching up to do.
  你们两个单独呆着吧,你们肯定有很多话要说。
5. be / get caught up in sth, to be or get involved in something, especially something bad
• 被卷入某事,陷入某事〔尤指坏事〕:
 »I didn't want to get caught up in endless petty arguments.
  我可不想卷入这无休止的鸡毛蒜皮的争吵中。
catch up with sb
1. to finally find someone who has been doing something illegal and punish them
• 〔终于〕抓住并惩罚〔某人〕:
 »It took six years for the law to catch up with them.
  花了六年时间才终于将他们绳之以法。
2. if something bad from the past catches up with you, you cannot avoid dealing with it any longer
• 〔过去的坏事〕缠身,找上门来算账:
 »At the end of the movie his murky past catches up with him.
  在电影结尾,他那不清白的过去终于来找他算账了。
 
牛津字典的解释:
ˌcatch 'up on sth
1. to spend extra time doing sth because you have not done it earlier
   补做(未做的事);赶做;补上:
   I have a lot of work to catch up on.
   我有许多工作要补做。
2. to find out about things that have happened
   了解(已发生的事情):
   We spent the evening catching up on each other's news.
   我们那一晚上都一直在彼此通报情况。
be / get ˌcaught 'up in sth
   to become involved in sth, especially when you do not want to be
   被卷入;陷入:
   Innocent passers-by got caught up in the riots.
   无辜的过路人被卷入了那场暴乱。
ˌcatch 'up (with sb) (BrE also ˌcatch sb 'up)
1. to reach sb who is ahead by going faster
   赶上,追上(某人):
   Go on ahead. I'll catch up with you.
   你先走,我随后赶上你。
   I'll catch you up.
   我会追上你的。
2. to reach the same level or standard as sb who was better or more advanced
   赶上,达到(某水平):
   After missing a term through illness he had to work hard to catch up with the others.
   他因病休学一学期,不得不努力学习好赶上别的同学。
ˌcatch 'up with sb
1. to finally start to cause problems for sb after they have managed to avoid this for some time
   产生(曾设法避免的)问题:
   She was terrified that one day her past problems would catch up with her.
   她十分害怕过去的问题总有一天又会来困扰她。
2. if the police or authorities catch up with sb, they find and punish them after some time
   终于查到某人头上:
   The law caught up with him years later when he had moved to Spain.
   多年后当他已移居西班牙时最终还是受到法律的制裁。

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