Hold的名词用法 掌握地道的英语表达 精准使用地道的英语名词


时间: 2022-03-16 07:31:27 人气: 7 评论: 0

Hold的名词用法值得英语学员重视。掌握地道的英语表达,需要精准使用地道的英语名词。Hold不仅仅是个很常见的动词,还是一个非常实用的名词,下面这里节选的仅仅是hold的名词用法。请注意搭配。

hold²
noun
1. HOLDING STH 拿住某物, [sing.] the action of holding something with your hands
• 抓住,拿住,握住;
【SYN】 grip
 »tight / firm hold (on sth)
  握紧(某物)
 »tighten your hold (on sth)
  把(某物)抓得更紧
 »loosen / release your hold (on sth)
  松开(某物)
 »have / keep hold of sth ( = be holding something )
  抓着某物
 »get / take hold of sth ( = start holding something )
  抓住某物
 »catch / grab / seize hold of sth ( = take hold of something quickly and firmly )
  突然抓住某物,夺得某物
 »lose your hold (on sth) ( = accidentally let go of something )
  没抓住(某物)
▪ [+ on ]
 »She released her tight hold on the dog.
  她松开了那条被她紧紧牵着的狗。
 »He tightened his hold , refusing to let her go.
  他抓得更紧了,不让她走。
 »Make sure you keep hold of my hand when we cross the road.
  过马路时你一定要抓住我的手。
 »I took hold of her hand and gently led her away.
  我抓住她的手,小心地带她离开。
 »Grab hold of the rope and pull yourself up.
  抓住绳子爬上来。
2. get hold of sth also get a hold of sth, [AmE] to find or borrow something so that you can use it
• 找(借)来某物:
 »I need to get hold of a car.
  我得找一辆车。
 »She managed to get a hold of a copy.
  她设法弄到了一本。
3. get hold of sb also get a hold of sb, [AmE] to find and speak to someone about something
• 找到某人,联系上某人:
 »I must get hold of Vanessa to see if she can babysit.
  我必须找到瓦妮莎,看看她能不能帮我照看一下孩子。
4. CONTROL / POWER 控制/力量, [sing.] control, power, or influence over something or someone
• 控制,影响:
 »get / keep a hold on / of sth
 »He struggled to get a hold of his emotions.
  他尽力控制住自己的感情。
 »I've always kept a tight hold on our finances.
  我一直牢牢控制着我们的经济。
 »I realized that the woman had a hold over my father.
  我意识到那女人控制着我父亲。
5. on hold
a. if something is on hold, it is going to be done or dealt with at a later date rather than now
• 推迟,使延期,搁置:
 »The plans are on hold until after the election.
  那些计划被推迟到选举以后。
 »Since having the kids, my career has been put on hold .
  自从有了孩子,我的事业被搁置下来。
b. if you are on hold, you are waiting to talk to someone on the telephone
• 等着通电话:
 »We try not to keep people on hold for more than a couple of minutes.
  我们尽量不让打电话的人等候超过几分钟。
 »The agent put me on hold while she consulted a colleague.
  那位经纪人与她同事商量的时候让我等着。
6. take (a) hold, to start to have a definite effect
• 开始起作用,产生影响:
 »The fever was beginning to take hold.
  发烧开始厉害起来。
7. get hold of an idea / an impression / a story etc, to learn or begin to believe something
• 得到(开始相信)某个想法/印象/说法等:
 »Where on earth did you get hold of that idea?
  你到底是怎么想出那个主意来的?
8. FIGHT 打斗, [C] a particular position that you hold an opponent in, in a fight or a sport such as WRESTLING
• 〔摔跤等运动中的〕擒拿技法
9. CLIMBING 攀爬, [C] somewhere you can put your hands or feet to help you climb something
• 支撑点; 落脚点〔指攀爬时供手攀、脚踩之处〕:
 »The cliff was steep and it was difficult to find a hold.
  悬崖很陡,而且很难找到攀踏的地方。
10. SHIP 船只, [C] the part of a ship below the DECK¹ (1) where goods are stored
• 底舱,货舱
11. no holds barred, when there are no rules or limits on what you are allowed to do
• 无规则(无限制)的,为所欲为的:
 »It seems there are no holds barred when it comes to making a profit.
  赚钱谋利似乎可以不择手段。 

HOLD: nounWITH HAND 用手
1. [sing., U] the action of holding sb / sth; the way you are holding sb / sth
   抓;握;拿;支撑
   SYN  grip :
   His hold on her arm tightened.
   他把她的胳膊抓得更紧了。
   She tried to keep hold of the child's hand.
   她尽力拉住那孩子的手不放。
   Make sure you've got a steady hold on the camera.
   一定要拿稳相机。
IN SPORT 体育运动
2. [C] a particular way of holding sb, especially in a sport such as wrestling or in a fight
   持;握;抓;抱;(尤指摔跤、拳击中的)擒拿法:
   The wrestler put his opponent into a head hold.
   那位摔跤手给对手来了个头部擒拿。
POWER / CONTROL 权力;控制
3. [sing.] ~ (on / over sb / sth) influence, power or control over sb / sth
   影响;左右力;控制:
   What she knew about his past gave her a hold over him.
   她知道他的过去,所以能够控制他。
   He struggled to get a hold of his anger.
   他竭力压制自己的怒火。
see also stranglehold
IN CLIMBING 攀登
4. [C] a place where you can put your hands or feet when climbing
   支撑点(可手攀或脚踏的地方)
see also foothold , handhold , toehold
ON SHIP / PLANE 船;飞机
5. [C] the part of a ship or plane where the goods being carried are stored
   货舱
catch, get, grab, take, etc. (a) 'hold of sb / sth
   to have or take sb / sth in your hands
   抓住;拿着;握着;握住:
   He caught hold of her wrists so she couldn't get away.
   他抓住她的手腕,使她无法挣脱。
   Lee got hold of the dog by its collar.
   李拉住了狗的项圈。
   Quick, grab a hold of that rope.
   快,抓住那条绳子。
   Gently, she took hold of the door handle and turned it.
   她轻轻地握住门把手扭动了它。
get 'hold of sb
   to contact or find sb
   和某人联系;找到某人:
   Where have you been? I've been trying to get hold of you all day.
   你去哪了?我一整天都在找你。
get 'hold of sth
1. to find sth that you want or need
   找到所需要的东西:
   I need to get hold of Tom's address.
   我需要找到汤姆的地址。
   It's almost impossible to get hold of tickets for the final.
   几乎不可能搞到决赛的门票。
2. to learn or understand sth
   学会;理解
ˌno ˌholds 'barred
   with no rules or limits on what sb is allowed to do
   不加约束;没有限制
on 'hold
1. delayed until a later time or date
   推迟;中断:
   She put her career on hold to have a baby.
   她中断了事业以便生孩子。
   The project is on hold until more money is available.
   这项工程暂停,等到有更多的钱时再进行。
2. if a person on the telephone is put on hold, they have to wait until the person that they want to talk to is free
   (电话接通时)等某人接电话
take (a) 'hold
   to begin to have complete control over sb / sth; to become very strong
   开始完全控制;变得十分强大:
   Panic took hold of him and he couldn't move.
   他突然惊慌得动弹不得。
   They got out of the house just before the flames took hold.
   他们就在大火吞噬房子之前逃了出来。
   It is best to treat the disease early before it takes a hold.
   最好还是病向浅中医。
more at wrong adj. 

HOLD

II   noun  ,  pl   holds
  1 : the act of holding or gripping something
   [  count  ]
    — usually singular
    He had/kept a tight hold on the rope.
    He loosened/tightened his hold on the handle.
   
   [  noncount  ] He took hold of the rope. [=he took the rope and held it]
    She grabbed hold of his arm. [=she grabbed his arm]
    — often used figuratively
    The idea of being an actress first took/grabbed hold of her when she was in college. [=she first became excited by the idea when she was in college]
    Jealousy took hold of him. [=he began to feel very jealous]
   
  2 [  count  ] : a way of holding your opponent in wrestling
   The wrestler applied an illegal hold.
  — see also choke hold, stranglehold
  3 [  singular  ]
  3 a : power that is used to control something or someone
   [  noncount  ] His ideas have lost their hold on/over the public. [=the public is no longer interested in his ideas]
    The law has no hold over her.
    He is trying to tighten his hold on the company's finances. [=to gain greater control of the company's finances]
    He has a hold on her. [=he has power over her; he controls her]
  3 b : an understanding of something
  — usually + on
   It's hard to get a hold on the cause of these problems.
  4 [  count  ] : something that can be held or stepped on for support while you are climbing
   She searched for holds in the rock.
  — see also foothold, handhold, toehold
  5 [  singular  ] : an order that something is to be kept for a particular person or time
   I asked the library to put a hold on the book for me. [=to hold the book for me]
  6 [  count  ] : an area on a ship or airplane where cargo is stored
  cop hold of — see cop, 2
  get hold of ( or chiefly US   get a hold of)
   1 : to get possession of (something) : to succeed in getting (something)
    Somehow she managed to get hold of the band's new album before it came out.
    Where did you get hold of that idea? [=what led you to believe that idea?]
   2 : to find and talk to (someone) : to contact (someone)
    I need to talk to my lawyer, but I haven't been able to get hold of him.
    I've been trying to get a hold of [=get in touch with] my lawyer for days.
   3 get hold of yourself  or chiefly US   get a hold of yourself : to get control of your thoughts and emotions and stop behaving in a foolish or uncontrolled way
    Get a hold of yourself and tell me what happened.
  lay hold of
   1 : to take and hold (something) : grab
    Lay hold of that rope and pull.
   2 : to understand (something)
    The idea is difficult to lay hold of.
  no holds barred
   ◇ If there are no holds barred, there are no limits or rules for what can and cannot be done in a particular situation. — see also no-holds-barred
  on hold
   1 : in the state of waiting to speak to someone on the telephone
    The person I wanted to speak to wasn't available, so the operator put my call on hold.
    They kept me on hold for hours!
   2 : in the state of being delayed for a time
    Our vacation plans are on hold. = Our vacation plans have been put on hold.
  take hold ( or chiefly US   take a hold)
   : to become effective, established, or popular
    The change in the law has not yet taken hold.
    new ideas that have recently taken hold in the fashion industry 

英语词汇 hold 名词 惯用搭配 on hold

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