over作为形容词和副词的用法


时间: 2022-03-16 13:41:37 人气: 2 评论: 0

over作为形容词和副词的用法,很有动态感,比如“倒下地”,“弯下地,折起来地”, “从一边到另一边”等。

over²
adv, adj
1. FALLING DOWN 摔倒, from an upright position into a position of lying on a surface
倒下(的):
 »He was so drunk he fell over in the road.
  他喝得烂醉,跌倒在马路上。
 »Mind you don't knock the candle over.
  当心别把蜡烛碰倒。
 »Engineers are working to prevent the tower from toppling over.
  工程师在设法防止这座塔倒塌。
2. BENDING / FOLDING 弯/折, so that someone or something is no longer straight or flat, but is bent or folded in the middle
弯下(的); 折起来(的):
 »As Sheila bent over, a sudden pain shot up her back.
  希拉弯腰时,突然感到背部一阵疼痛。
 »He folded the paper over and put it in his pocket.
  他把纸折起来放入口袋。
3. ACROSS 穿越
a. from one side of an object, space, or area to the other side
从…的一边到另一边,穿越:
 »There are only three canoes so some people will have to swim over.
  仅有三艘独木舟,所以一部分人得游过去。
 »The wall was crumbling where children had climbed over.
  这堵墙孩子们爬过的地方快崩坍了。
 »I went over (=crossed the room, street etc) to say hello, but Vincent didn't recognize me.
  我走过去打招呼,但文森特没有认出我。
[+ to ]
 »We flew over to the US to visit my Aunt Polly.
  我们飞往美国去探望波莉姨妈。
[+ from ]
 »One of my cousins is coming over from France with his wife and daughter.
  我的一个表亲和他的妻子女儿要从法国过来。
 »Come over here and see what I've found.
  过来看看我找到了什么。
4. IN OR TO A PLACE 在或到某处, in or to a particular house, city etc
在〔某处〕; 到〔某处〕:
 »You really should come over and see our new house.
  你真的该过来看看我们的新房子。
 »I spent the whole day over at Gabby's place.
  我一整天都在加比家。
 »We could drive over to Oxford this afternoon.
  今天下午我们可以开车到牛津去。
5. FINISHED 结束的, if an event or period of time is over, it has finished
〔一件事或一段时间〕完结(的),结束(的):
 »Is the meeting over yet?
  会议结束了吗?
 »over (and done) with (=used about something unpleasant)〔指令人不快的事〕结束了
 »I'm so glad the mid-term exams are over and done with.
  我很高兴期中考试总算结束了。
 »You'd better give them the bad news. Do it now – get it over with.
  你最好把这个坏消息告诉他们。 现在就去,把这件事情结束掉。
6. TO THE SIDE 向一边, towards one side
向一边:
 »The bus pulled over to the side of the road.
  公共汽车停靠到了路边。
 »Would you move over, so I can sit next to you.
  你挪过去一点好吗,好让我坐在你身边。
7. GIVING 交出, from one person or group to another
交出,移交:
 »The attacker was ordered to hand over his weapon.
  袭击者被勒令交出武器。
 »Most of the money has been signed over to his children.
  大部分的钱都签字转交给了他的子女。
8. CHANGING 改换; 转换, from one position or system to another
改换,转换:
 »The guards change over at midnight.
  卫兵在午夜换岗。
 »We switched over from electricity to gas because it was cheaper.
  我们从用电改成了用煤气,因为煤气较便宜。
9. TURNING 转,翻, so that the bottom or the other side of something can now be seen
转,翻:
 »Turn the box over and open it at that end.
  把箱子翻过来,从那头打开。
 »Josh rolled over and went back to sleep.
  乔希翻了个身又睡了。
10. MORE THAN 多于, more than or higher than a particular number, amount, or level
更多; 更高; …以上;
【OPP】 under
 »Almost 40% of women are size 14 or over .
  差不多有 40% 的女性的服装尺码是 14 码或 14 码以上。
 »People earning £33,000 and over will pay the higher rate of tax.
  收入 33000 英镑或以上者要支付更高的税款。



评论