时间: 2022-03-16 09:36:51 人气: 61 评论: 0
Due是个很常见的英语单词，大部分学员都知道due to的用法，可是不一定理解due的几个词性的正确用法。Due可以充当形容词，副词，名词， 意义在不同的语境下，有很大的不同，请同学们注意due的用法。
due¹ / du ; djuː /
1. EXPECTED 预期的, [not before noun] expected to happen or arrive at a particular time
»due to do sth
»The team are due to fly to Italy next month.
»His new book is due to be published next year.
▪ [+ in / on / at ]
»She's pregnant and the baby's due in April.
她怀孕了，预产期是在 4 月份。
»The final results of the experiment are due on December 9.
试验的最终结果预计在 12 月 9 日出来。
»I'm due at his office at 4.30.
我要在4 点 30 分到他的办公室。
▪ [+ for ]
»The car is due for its annual service again.
▪ [+ back ]
»When are the library books due back?
--› see DUE DATE
2. OWED 欠下, owed to someone either as a debt or because they have a right to it
»Any money due you will be sent by cheque through the post.
▪ [+ to ]
»Thanks are due to all those who took part.
3. MONEY 钱, if an amount of money is due, it must be paid at a particular time
»The next income tax payment is due on 31 January.
下一次的所得税支付期限是 1 月 31 日。
4. in due course, at some time in the future when it is the right time, but not before
»Further details will be announced in due course.
5. PROPER 适当的, [only before noun] [formal] proper or suitable
»He was banned for six months for driving without due care and attention.
»due regard / consideration
»We want the best for each individual child with due regard for the interests of the other children.
6. with (all) due respect, [spoken] used when you disagree with someone or criticize them in a polite way
»Dad, with all due respect, was not a very good husband.
--› see DULY , DUE TO
1. your due, your due is what you deserve, or something it is your right to have
»He accepted all the praise he received as his due.
»Freddy, to give him his due (=to be fair to him), always tried to be honest.
2. dues, [pl.] regular payments you make to an organization of which you are a member
»Robert failed to pay his dues last year.
1. [not before noun] ~ to sth / sb caused by sb / sth; because of sb / sth
The team's success was largely due to her efforts.
Most of the problems were due to human error.
The project had to be abandoned due to a lack of government funding.
有人认为在动词之后或从句之首用 owing to 表示"因为"更合适,因为 due 是形容词。
2. [not before noun] ~ (to do sth) | ~ (for sth) arranged or expected
When's the baby due?
Rose is due to start school in January.
The band's first album is due for release later this month.
The next train is due in five minutes.
(especially NAmE) My essay's due next Friday (= it has to be given to the teacher by then).
3. [not usually before noun] when a sum of money is due, it must be paid immediately
Payment is due on 1 October.
付款期限为 10 月 1 日。
4. [not before noun] ~ (to sb) owed to sb as a debt, because it is their right or because they have done sth to deserve it
Have they been paid the money that is due to them?
Our thanks are due to the whole team.
5. [not before noun] ~ (for) sth owed sth; deserving sth
I'm still due 15 day's leave.
我还应有 15 天的休假。
She's due for promotion soon.
SUITABLE / RIGHT 适当；合适
6. [only before noun] (formal) that is suitable or right in the circumstances
After due consideration, we have decided to appoint Mr Davis to the job.
to make due allowance for sth
(BrE) He was charged with driving without due care and attention.
⇨ compare undue
▪ in ˌdue 'course
at the right time and not before
Your request will be dealt with in due course.
He received a large reward, which was no more than his due (= than what he deserved).
She's a slow worker, but to give her her due (= to be fair to her), she does try very hard.
2. dues [pl.] charges, for example to be a member of a club
to pay your dues
to sail due east
The village lies five miles due north of York.