词汇意义联想词源探究 "诽谤/诋譭"说地道英语 slur


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她竟敢对他的人品加以诋譭。 米尔顿把她的话看作是对他祖国的诋毁。她竟敢诽谤我的人格?那些评论诋毁了她的人格。这些中文句子的翻译,都可以用到一个词语:slur.

slur 既可以是一个动词,也可以是一个名词。基本含义是:诽谤;诋譭;污辱;含混不清地说话(通常因醉酒或疲劳)。

slur


slur¹ / slɚ ; slɜː /
verb slurred, slurring
1. [I,T] to speak unclearly without separating your words or sounds correctly
• 含糊不清地说话:
 »slur your words / speech
 »She was slurring her words as if she was drunk.
  她好像喝醉了似的,说话含糊不清。
 »His voice sounded slurred.
  他的声音听起来含混不清。
2. [T] to criticize someone or something unfairly
• 诽谤,诋毁
3. [T] to play a group of musical notes smoothly together
• 连奏


slur²
noun [C]
1. an unfair criticism that is intended to make people dislike someone or something
• 诋毁,诽谤:
▪ [+ on / against ]
 »Milton regarded her comment as a slur on his country.
  米尔顿把她的话看作是对他祖国的诋毁。
 »How dare she cast a slur on (=criticize) my character?
  她竟敢诽谤我的人格?
 »a racist slur
  种族主义的诽谤
2. [technical] a curved line written over musical notes to show they must be played together smoothly
• 〔标于乐谱音符上的〕连奏线 


slur
I
 /ˈslɚ/  verb  , slurs, slurred, slur·ring
  1 a [  + obj  ] : to say (something) in an unclear way especially because you are drunk or tired
   She was slurring her words.
   His speech was slurred.
  1 b [  no obj  ] of speech : to become unclear especially because you are drunk or tired
   His speech/words slurred as he got drunker
  2 [  + obj  ] : to say critical and unfair things about (someone or someone's character)
   They tried to slur him by lying about his war record.
   They tried to slur his character/reputation.
  3 [  + obj  ] music : to sing or play musical notes so that each one runs smoothly into the next one
————————
II
  noun  ,  pl   slurs [  count  ]
  1 : an insulting remark about someone or someone's character
   a racial/ethnic slur [=an insult based on someone's race/ethnicity]
  2 music : a symbol in music that is used to show that notes are to be sung or played smoothly with no break in between them 

She had dared to cast a slur on his character.
   她竟敢对他的人品加以诋譭。
(especially NAmE) The crowd started throwing bottles and shouting racial slurs.
   人群开始扔瓶子,并高声地进行种族污辱。

She had drunk too much and her speech was slurred.
   她喝得太多了,话都说不利索了。


slur 搭配和用法
noun
[搭配]ADJ.
racial, racist, sexist, sexual 
种族歧视言论;性别歧视言论

[搭配]VERB + SLUR
cast 
中伤:
The comments cast a slur on her character. 
那些评论诋毁了她的人格。

[搭配]PREP.
~ against/on 
对…的诋毁:
The joke was seen as a slur against the mentally ill. 
那个笑话被看作是对精神病患者的侮辱。
a slur on his good name 
对他良好声誉的中伤

词汇联想 英语单词 slur 含糊不清地说话 地道英语

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